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Docket No.: 14-940
Argued: December 8, 2015


Equal Protection Clause, Fourteenth Amendment

PartyNames: Sue Evenwel, et al., Appellants v. Greg Abbott, Governor of Texas, et al.
Petitioner: Sue Evenwel, et al., Appellants
Respondent: Greg Abbott, Governor of Texas, et al.

Court Below: United States District Court for the Western District of Texas
Citation: 2014 WL 5780507
Supreme Court Docket

Sue Evenwel, et al., Appellants
Greg Abbott, Governor of Texas, et al.
Question Presented:

In Reynolds v. Sims, 377 U.S. 533 (1964), this Court held that the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment includes a "one-person, one-vote" principle. This principle requires that, "when members of an elected body are chosen from separate districts, each district must be established on a basis that will insure, as far as is practicable, that equal numbers of voters can vote for proportionally equal numbers of officials." Hadley v. Junior Coll. Dist. Of Metro. Kansas City, Mo., 397 U.S. 50, 56 (1970). In 2013, the Texas Legislature enacted a State Senate map creating districts that, while roughly equal in terms of total population, grossly malapportioned voters. Appellants, who live in Senate districts significantly overpopulated with voters, brought a one-person, one--vote challenge, which the three-judge district court below dismissed for failure to state a claim. The district court held that Appellants' constitutional challenge is a judicially unreviewable political question. The question presented is whether the "one-person, one-vote" principle of the Fourteenth Amendment creates a judicially enforceable right ensuring that the districting process does not deny voters an equal vote.


December 8, 2015

Listen to Oral Argument in EVENWEL v. ABBOTT

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Case Documents

1Questions Presented in EVENWEL v. ABBOTT